Here is a look back at the events of 2019.
Jan. 1: Qatar withdraws from OPEC
In December 2018, Qatar’s Minister of Energy, Saad Sherida al-Kaabi, announced that the country would withdraw from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), saying the move represented “technical and strategic change “. The withdrawal came into effect on the first day of 2019, ending more than 50 years of membership.
Jan. 3: China makes historic 1st landing on the mysterious far side of the Moon
China has become the first nation in the world to successfully and safely land a spacecraft on the other side of the moon. Chang’e 4’s Chinese robotic mission landed on the ground of Von Kármán crater 115 miles (186 kilometers) Wednesday evening (January 2). The mission aims to study the age, composition of the region and get more information about the early solar systems and the Earth.
Jan. 19: 6.7 magnitude earthquake hits Tongoy, Coquimbo Region in Chile
Causing two deaths and up to 200,000 people without electricity. Despite its moderate magnitude, since it was an intra-plate earthquake, it caused serious damage to La Serena and neighboring towns.
Jan. 23: Venezuelan presidential crisis
Thousands of people protest in favor of the disputed interim president Juan Guaidó. Several people are killed and President Maduro breaks diplomatic ties with the United States.
Jan. 25: Brazil dam disaster kills over 230
A dam at the Córrego do Feijão iron mine broke near the municipality of Brumadinho, leaking a massive mudslide that destroyed the mine’s offices during lunchtime, as well as several houses, roads, and farms. About three months later, the Minas Gerais civilian police released a final toll of 237 dead, including 33 missing.
Jan. 28: US charges Huawei with fraud
Adding to the trade tension between the two countries, the United States Department of Justice has filed 23 charges against the Chinese telecommunications company Huawei and its chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou. The charges included theft of technology, obstruction of justice and bank fraud.
Feb 6: Freedom House organization declares that Hungary was no longer a free country
The Freedom House organization states that Hungary is no longer a free country, which makes it the first country in the European Union to be described as “partially free”. It also stated that neighboring Serbia was no longer a free country as well.
Feb. 12: Macedonia is renamed
Putting an end to a decades-long dispute with Greece and taking a step forward towards integration into NATO and the European Union, the Republic of Macedonia renames itself the Republic of North Macedonia. According to state spokesman Mile Boshnjakovski, the national language is still called “Macedonian”.
Feb. 14: Suicide attack kills Indian security forces in Indian-administered Kashmir
A suicide bombing attack on a convoy of vehicles in Indian-administered Kashmir kills at least 40 members of the Indian Central Reserve Police (CRPF). India blamed Pakistan for the attack.
Feb 21: SpaceIL, the world’s first privately financed mission to the Moon
A team of Israeli scientists launched the first privately funded mission to land on the moon, send a spacecraft to collect data from the lunar surface.
March 5: Stem cell transplant makes patient’s HIV ‘undetectable’
In only the second case of its kind, a stem cell transplant made a London patient’s HIV “undetectable.” Doctors said he had been in remission for 18 months and had stopped taking HIV medication. Although experts suggest that it is too early to say that he has been completely cured of HIV, but this is one step closer to finding a cure.
March 10: Ethiopian Boeing 737 MAX crashes shortly after takeoff
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, a Boeing 737 MAX crashes shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa killing all 157 people on board. All Boeing 737 MAX aircraft is subsequently grounded worldwide.
March 15: New Zealand’s darkest days, Terrorist attack
51 people were killed and 50 others injured in terrorist attacks on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand: the Al Noor Mosque and the Linwood Islamic Center, both of which were targeted by Australia-born Brenton Harrison Tarrant. Facebook has announced that it has disabled 1.5 million videos of the shooter’s outburst.
March 19: Karen Uhlenbeck win the Abel Prize
American Karen Uhlenbeck is the first woman to win the Abel Prize for outstanding contributions to mathematics.
March 19: Nursultan Nazarbayev resigns as President of Kazakhstan
After 29 years in office, Nursultan Nazarbayev resigns as President of Kazakhstan and appoints Kassym-Jomart Tokayev as acting president.
March 20: European Union fines Google
European antitrust regulators fine Google 1.49 billion euros ($ 1.7 billion) for freezing competitors in the online advertising business. European Union fines Google nearly 10 billion dollars
March 21: Artificial Earthquake in China
A major explosion in a chemical plant in Xiangshui, Jiangsu, China, leaves at least 78 dead and more than 600 injured. Its powerful impact recorded as an artificial earthquake.
March 23: Protest against Brexit, London
Nearly 400,000 people march in central London in protest against Brexit.
April 2: President of Algeria resigns
President of Algeria, Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns amid widespread protests.
April 4: Second Libyan Civil War
The Libyan National Army (LNA) launched a surprise offensive in western Libya, moving units to Tripoli, the capital of the National Accord government, and capturing Gharyan. The LNA affirms that the operation, ordered by General Khalifa Haftar, aims to “clean the western zone of the terrorist groups”
April 10: First-ever image of a black hole is unveiled
Captured by the Event Horizon telescope, the very first image of a black hole was published that day. Located in the Messier 87 galaxy, the black hole is 500 million trillion km from Earth and nearly three million times the size of our planet.
April 10: Fossil fragments found in the Callao Cave in the Philippines
Fossil fragments found in the cave of Callao in the Philippines reveal the existence of the human species Homo luzonensis. The species takes its name from the island where it was discovered, Luzon.
April 11: WikiLeaks co-founder, Julian Assange was arrested
After seven years of refuge at the Ecuadorian embassy in London, England, the co-founder of WikiLeaks was arrested after being found guilty of not going to court. He also faces charges of federal conspiracy in the United States for leaks of government secrets. Currently, extradition hearings are underway against Assange in British courts.
April 21: Serial bomb blasts rattle Sri Lankan capital
On Easter Sunday, a series of bomb explosions in churches, hotels and a housing complex in and around Colombo killed more than 250 people and injured hundreds more. An island-wide curfew was imposed overnight. On April 23, Islamic State militants claimed responsibility for the attacks.
April 21: Comedian Volodymyr Zelensky is elected Ukraine president
In a second-round election, the Ukrainian comedian and servant of the People party’s Volodymyr Zelensky won an overwhelming victory to become the sixth president of the nation. He defeated outgoing President Petro Poroshenko, winning more than 73% of the vote.
April 26: Avengers: Endgame is released in theaters
Avengers: Endgame breaks many box-office records, including becoming the highest-grossing movie of all time.
April 28: Victor Vescovo achieves the deepest dive of any human in history
Victor Vescovo reaches Challenger Deep within the Mariana Trench, at a depth of 10,928 m (35,853 ft)
May 1: King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand marries a commoner
Thailand King Maha Vajiralongkorn married Suthida Tidjai, deputy head of King’s personal security unit, in a surprise ceremony, making her queen consort of Thailand.
May 1: Russian President Vladimir Putin signs into law a controversial “sovereign internet” bill
“Sovereign Internet” bill allows Russian authorities to better monitor internet routing and to steer Russian internet traffic away from foreign servers.
May 3–6: Gaza and Israel conflict
Gaza-Israel conflict escalates after the Israeli army launches airstrikes into Gaza, killing more than 20 Palestinians, following the wounding of two soldiers by Gazan sniper fire.
May 4–6: Coronation of King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand
The coronation will take place more than two years after Vajiralongkorn succeeded his father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who died at 88 years after having reigned for seven decades.
May 6: Syrian Civil War
The Syrian Army launches a major ground offensive against one of the last rebel strongholds in the country.
May 10: China–United States trade war
Amid ongoing negotiations, the United States hike a 25 percent tariff on Chinese imports.
May 12: Gulf of Oman incident
Four commercial vessels, including two oil tankers of Saudi Aramco, are damaged near the port of Fujairah in the Gulf of Oman. The United Arab Emirates claims the incident was a “sabotage attack”, while an initial US assessment allegedly accused Iran for the attack.
May 19: Google removes support for Android updates for Huawei phones
Google removes support for Android updates for Huawei phones, Google Play Store and Gmail apps after U.S. tech company blacklisted.
May 23: Narendra Modi win in Indian general elections
In an election that saw up to 900 million citizens vote, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata (BJP) party won an overwhelming victory, winning 303 of the 543 seats. This substantial victory confirmed a second term for Modi as Prime Minister of the country.
May 29: Elected 10th President of Latvia
Former European Court of Justice judge Egils Levits is elected the 10th President of Latvia.
May 30 – July 14: 2019 Cricket World Cup
Cricket World Cup is held in England and Wales, which is won by England.
June 7: Theresa May formally resigns
After nearly three years as British Prime Minister, May has officially stepped down as leader of the ruling Conservative party due to the failure of Brexit negotiations. She remains Prime Minister until the party elects a new leader.
June 9: Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protests
More than a million people in Hong Kong are protesting the extradition bill to China. It is the largest demonstration in Hong Kong since the transfer of 1997
June 18: United States-Iran tensions
The U.S. sends an additional 1,000 troops to the Middle East as conflict build with Iran.
June 20: Iran shoot-down American drone
Iran shoots down an American surveillance drone RQ-4 Global Hawk over the Strait of Hormuz after claiming that it was violating their airspace. The United States claims that it was shot in international airspace in an “unprovoked attack”.
July 2: Solar Eclipse in South America
A total solar eclipse occurs over South America. It is the 58th solar eclipse from Saros cycle 127.
July 3: Tajoura migrant center airstrike
Airstrike by Libyan National Army Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar strikes Tajoura Detention Center outside Tripoli, Libya, while hundreds of people are inside the facility, killing at least 53 of them and injuring 130 others.
July 16: European Parliament elects President of the European Commission
The European Parliament elects Ursula von der Leyen as the new President of the European Commission. Succeeding Jean-Claude Juncker, she will be sworn in on December 1, 2019. She is the first woman elected to this post in the history of the EU.
July 17: World Health Organization
The World Health Organization (WHO) declares the Kivu Ebola epidemic to be a public health emergency of international concern.
July 19: British Foreign Secretary warns Iran
The Iranian Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps captures the British oil tanker Stena Impero and temporarily seizes the British-operated and Liberian-flagged tanker Mesdar in the Persian Gulf. British Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt warns of “serious consequences” if Iran does not release the tanker.
July 24: Boris Johnson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
After defeating Jeremy Hunt in a leadership contest Boris Johnson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
August 1: Greenland ice loss
The Danish polar research institute Polar Portal reports an important peak of ice loss in Greenland, with 11 billion tonnes melted in one day and 197 gigatonnes during the month of July.
August 5: Revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir
Modi led BJP Government revoked Article 370 and 35 A of Indian constitution, which grant Kashmir under Indian administration a special status in an unprecedented move.
August 11: floods in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan
At least 114 people, including 57 in Kerala, 30 in Karnataka and 27 in Maharashtra, are believed to have died in monsoon-related floods in India. At least 227 dead in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.
August 21: Amazon rainforest wildfires
The Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) reports fires that are burning in the Amazon rainforest at a record rate, with more than 36,000 in the year to date, while the smoke reaches São Paulo to more than 1,700 miles (2,700 km).
September 1: Hurricane Dorian
Hurricane Dorian hits the Bahamas, with sustained wind speeds of 185 mph. 43 deaths are reported.
September 6: Chandrayaan-2
The second lunar probe of India was successful to put the orbit in lunar orbit, but the lander Vikram crashes into the surface of the moon.
September 20- November 2: Rugby Union World Cup
The 2019 Rugby Union World Cup is held in Japan, the South Africa Springboks defeat the England national rugby union team 32–12.
September 20: Strike on Climate changes
An international strike and demonstration by young people and adults is taking place three days before the last United Nations Climate Summit, to demand that action be taken to deal with the climate crisis. The event is one of the largest climate mobilizations in history.
September 27: Climate change protest
500,000 people march in a climate change protest led by activist Greta Thunberg and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in Montreal, Canada. 4,000,000 go on strike around the world.
October 9: Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey announces a military invasion of north-eastern Syria, targeting the SDF and other Kurdish militias.
October 18: First all-Women spacewalk
NASA astronauts Jessica Meir and Christina Koch make the first all-female spacewalk outside the International Space Station.
October 19: Protest in London for the second referendum on Brexit
Approximately one million people march through London in a protest organized by People’s Vote, to demand a second referendum on Brexit.
October 21: Canadian federal elections, Justin Trudeau and the Liberal Party wins
The 2019 Canadian federal elections are held, for the 338 seats in the Canadian House of Commons. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the Liberal Party win a small victory to form a minority government.
October 23: Dead bodies found in a truck in Essex
The bodies of 39 people are found in a truck container in Essex, England. A 25-year-old man from Northern Ireland was arrested on suspicion of murder.
October 27: Daesh Chief ‘Al-Baghdadi’ Killed In US Raid
President Donald Trump announces that the head of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, was killed during an operation by the American special forces. Al-Baghdadi has been reported to detonate a suicide vest after being chased in a tunnel.
October 30: Twitter bans all political advertising
Social media website Twitter bans all political advertising worldwide.
October 30: 6.6 Magnitude earthquake in Philippine island of Mindanao
6.6 Magnitude of earthquake jolts the Philippine island of Mindanao, two days after an earthquake killed eight and left 12,000 people homeless
October 31: Train catches fire near Rahim Yar Khan in Pakistan
The fire was caused by a cylinder blast that occurred in the morning when passengers were preparing their breakfast.
November 7: Bosco Ntaganda is sentenced to 30 years in prison
Former Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda is sentenced to 30 years in prison for war crimes and crimes against humanity, the longest sentence ever pronounced by the International Criminal Court.
November 9: Babri Mosque Case
India’s Supreme Court ruled that the disputed Babri Mosque land should be given to the Hindus while ordering that Muslims have to be allotted an alternate land as a replacement for the destroyed Babri Mosque. The move is likely to spur sectarian disputes.
November 13: Public impeachment hearings against Donald Trump
Public impeachment hearings against U.S. President Donald Trump began in the House of Representatives
November 19: Google enters video game world
Google enters the video game market with the launch of Stadia
November 21: Benjamin Netanyahu indicted for bribery and fraud
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is indicted on charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust.
November 30-December 11: Southeast Asian Games 2019
The 2019 Southeast Asian Games are held in the Philippines.
December 2–13: 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference
The 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference takes place in Madrid, Spain, after Chilean President Sebastián Piñera announced that his country could not host the conference due to political unrest in the country.
December 11: Protests Erupted After India Passes Anti-Muslims Citizenship Bill
Parliament of India passed a contentious citizenship bill that granted citizenship to illegal immigrants who entered India from three neighboring countries before 2015, excluding Muslims.
December 11:Trump Issues Stern Warning to Russia over Election Meddling
President of United States, Donald Trump warned has issued stern warnings against any Russian attempts to interfere in U.S. elections and urged Moscow to resolve the conflict with Ukraine, referring to the unrest in the country’s east.
December 12: Lawyers vs. Doctors, 3 patients died, Pakistan
Lawyers who sworn in for the protection of the law became violent and violated all the rules, laws and regulations, which resulted in deaths, which resulted in the assault, and severe injuries.
December 9: Russia bans from international sport for four years for doping offenses.
The World Anti-Doping Agency votes unanimously to ban Russia from international sport for four years for doping offenses, which means that it will be excluded from the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics, Olympic Games winter of 2022 in Beijing and the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.
December 17: Pervez Musharraf, Former Pakistani Leader, Sentenced to Death
A three-member bench of the special court has announced death sentence to Pakistan’s former President Pervez Musharraf in high Treason case with 2-1 split.
December 20: Attacks in Motta town in Ethiopia, burned four mosques in the Amhara region
Attack in the city of Mota, East Gojam zone of Amhara regional state, left two mosques completely burned down and two more seriously damaged after having been set on fire by a group of people.
December 26: Annular Solar Eclipse in South Asia
An annular solar eclipse(part of Saros 132) was visible from South Asia.
December 27: Plane with 100 on Board Crashes in Kazakhstan
A passenger jet has crashed in Kazakhstan, killing at least 12 people but leaving dozens of survivors.
That was just a small sample of 2019’s biggest news, Stay tuned to ACE News for more updates.
See you in 2020!
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