Lahore: By Traveling thousands of kilometers, Migratory Birds arrived in Pakistan from Siberia to get food In October 2019.After spending five months in natural waterways, dams and lakes in the country, including Punjab. They are starting to return. However, It is a matter of worry that the numbers of these visiting birds are decreasing significantly due to climate change, water pollution and growing prey.
Ambassadors of Climate change these migrating birds return to their homeland to the coldest regions of Russia, Siberia and the northeast Asian states. These birds include Endangered species of numerous birds.
These charming birds were camping on the Ramsar sites from where they are now returning, the Ramsar sites refer to the places where 20,000 or more migratory birds reside at one time. There are 20 seasonal locations of migratory birds in Pakistan, of which 10 are in Sindh, 2 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 3 in Punjab and 5 in Balochistan.
Punjab Wildlife Honorable Game Warden Badar manir said that all these places of Punjab where migratory aquatic birds flock in winter have been declared Wildlife Special areas under Section 16 of the Punjab Wildlife Act. These are the places where not only hunting of all kinds is prohibited, but also any kind of farming, construction and other operations that are likely to harm plants and animals and natural habitats are not allowed. The Air Route from where The migratory birds come to Pakistan are also called the Indus Flyway or the Green Route. Its international name is International Migration Route No. 4.
A total of 668 species of birds are found in Pakistan while 380 species of migratory birds come to Pakistan. Migratory birds of some types also travel to India and Sri Lanka by passing through Pakistan. According to the Punjab Wildlife Authorities, there are about one million refugee Birds annually in Pakistan.
In the last few years their numbers have started to decrease. The main reason for the decline in migratory birds is their prey, increased air and ground pollution, which has also poisoned their food. Punjab Wildlife conducts surveys of these migrants every year in the middle of winters, with representatives from NGOs and international organizations including the Punjab Wildlife Survey Department, WWF.
According to the Punjab Wildlife Survey Department sources, they have very narrow resources and we do not get accurate survey of these guest birds. According to a report by Bird Life International, the population of migratory birds has declined significantly over the past 30 years and many of these birds are now endangered.
More than 90% of the world’s migratory birds suffer from unsafe conditions due to human activity. According to Punjab Wildlife sources, the number of migrants during the survey conducted on different waterways of Punjab is being reduced according to the estimates.
According to Midwinter Survey data, The number of these birds is estimated at 80,000. In 2019, the number of migrants was one lakh 11 thousand 402. According to the 2018 survey results, 80 thousand 11 birds were recorded. The results of 2017 are not known, but the 2016 survey showed the number of migrants was 2 lakh 51 thousand.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
28 March, 2020