Proteins are mandatory part of the body and have crucial role to accomplish many processes. Cereal grains, oil-seeds and legumes1 comprises of almost They 7-40% of protein and among them soya beans have maximum protein content (35-40%). While, roots, leaves, flowers and stems also contains protein as well. Mostly, the vegetal proteins can enhance animal growth and have enormous beneficial aspects by lowering cholesterol levels, blood pressure and body weight index2 as well as they also exhibit antioxidant attributes3. Moreover, vegetal proteins own antimicrobial activity as well4.
Nassima Soussi and team performed an experiment to characterize the proteinaceous Glycine max extract and assess its antioxidant, biological and hematological properties. Glycine max or yellow soya, is sown in August and harvested in October and cultivated in West-South Algerian region. Because of its elevated nutritive value and calorie intake; it is used as a dietary supplement in case of malnutrition. Moreover, owing to high proportion of iron and calcium it is strongly recommended against anemia and osteoporosis, chiefly after childbirth5. In addition it also exhibits dermatological and cosmeceutical benefits6.
Nassima and colleague extracted proteinaceous content from Glycine max plant by utilizing water and n-hexane as extracting media. Ammonium sulfate was used to isolate proteins from the crude materials. Researchers characterized the Glycine max proteins by UV-visible and FT-IR spectroscopy and analysis was done through SEM micrograph and x-ray diffraction (XRD). Scientists also evaluated the Rheological parameters G’ and G’ and the isolated proteins were tested for their antioxidant, antimicrobial and hemagglutination activities.
It was concluded that the different properties of the extracted proteins from yellow soya are tightly are associated to the medium used for the extraction. Moreover, the proteins extracted with organic medium, namely n-hexane, showed antioxidant and biological activities higher than those for the ones extracted with water. This study will assist to use the proteinaceous extract to use in biomedical application because of its microbiological and antifungal characteristics. Furthermore; scope of natural medication will be enhanced and access towards more reasonable as well as effective treatment would be possible.
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17 November, 2019