Micronutrient deficiencies have becomes as serious global issue, particularly in those regions where the diet is deficient in variety1. Nutrients such as vitamins and minerals are vital for physical as well as mental development, immune system and numerous other metabolic processes. Deficiency of these important nutrients causes malnutrition consequently. Moreover, in the present era, people have become more conscious about their health and trend towards natural medicinal plants is accelerating due to side effects, expensive rates and inaccessibility of reliable drugs.
These precious plants are crucial because they are rich in nutrients and can prevent chronic ailments2 including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes as well as cancers, because of occurrence of the phytochemicals in them. Food consisting of beneficial plants can supply more than 25,000 phytochemicals that cannot be provided by refined oils, refined sugar as well as refined salt3. The Moreover, these phytochemicals also possess antioxidant activity. Antioxidants present in plants possess the ability to prevent cell and tissue damage.
Traditional medicinal plants are considered as the ideal source of these valuable phytochemicals. Accordingly, Sauropus androgynus is an important ‘multivitamin plant’ in this regard, which is one of the most famous leafy-vegetables present in India. Therefore, screening of active phytocompounds present in these plants has led to the discovery of some novel drugs medicinal drugs. Moreover, these plants can also help to cope with nutrient deficiency problems.
Therefore, a research team led by Rajeswari Bose4 designed a research to examine the existence of vitamins, novel chemical constituents of leaves and seeds of Sauropus androgynus. Moreover, team also assessed the ethanolic extract of this plant for in vitro antioxidant potential through DPPH radical scavenging assay. The chemical composition was evaluated by means of GCMS-QP-2010 plus gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Afterwards, scientists calculated the vitamins such as ascorbic acid, riboflavin as well as thiamine according to the technique of Koche.
The outcomes of this investigation revealed that Sauropus androgynus extracts contains several bioactive phytochemicals which act as antioxidant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory, anti biotic, anti cancer, anti nociceptive, anti arthritic and hypoglycemic. Moreover, scientists also found the presence of copious amounts of vitamin C derivatives in leaves of this plant. Conclusively, it can be used in pharmaceutical formulations and can play a key role to improve human health by improving antioxidant defense mechanism in case of free radical generation.
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17 November, 2019