Senate elections are just two days away. All the parties are trying to win the maximum number of Senate seats. Baluchistan Awami Party has formed alliance with PTI and ANP in Baluchistan assembly to win the maximum seats. BAP is expected to win six seats of Senate from Balochistan. Its total strength in the upper house will increase from current 10 seats to 13 seats. It will become fourth largest party in Senate after PTI, PPP and PML-N.
It will be big achievement for a party formed just few months before the General elections 2018. BAP was able to form provincial government in Balochistan after emerging the single largest party in 2018. Most of BAP leaders were part of PML-N and PML-Q.
BAP was formed after they split away from PML-N parliamentary party. PML-N government in Balochistan lost majority after this split. Qadoos Bizenjo was elected as new Chief Minister of Baluchistan few months before the general elections of 2018. Despite having differences in the party, BAP continue to dominate parliamentary politics in Balochistan.
PTI will rely heavily on BAP to pass legislation in Senate. BAP will become a king maker in the Senate. PTI will have to rely heavily on BAP to elect Chairman and Deputy Chairman Senate belonging to the ruling alliance. Without the support of BAP, PTI will not be in a position to elect Senate Chairman and to pass the legislation. BAP support will become crucial for the PTI government.
Despite winning majority of Senate seats in March 03 elections, the ruling alliance will fell short of simple majority in the upper house. The total strength of ruling alliance might reach to 44 senators- even short of simple majority, while opposition parties will have the support of around 53 senators.
All hopes of PTI government to hold Senate elections through open ballot have dashed after the Supreme Court decision to hold Senate elections through secret ballot. Supreme Court announced its decision on a presidential reference to hold senate elections through open ballot.
The government moved a presidential reference in the Supreme Court and tabled a constitution amendment bill in parliament seeking an open vote for the Senate. But all efforts failed to hold Senate elections through open ballot.
Members of national assembly and provincial assemblies will cast their ballot through secret ballot. PTI is raising alarm that horse-trading might take place in KPK and Balochistan assembly as it happened in 2018 Senate elections. If it happened then PTI might lose one or two senate seats from Sindh and KPK assembly.
Even though, in terms of numbers-PTI will be the largest party in Senate after the March 03 elections. PTI will have around 26 or 27 members of Senate. If all the legislators vote in line with the policy of their respective parties, the ruling PTI is expected to win 19 seats, followed by six seats each by the PPP and Balochistan Awami Party (BAP) and five by the PML-N in the upcoming Senate elections.
As many as 52 senators are set to retire — 50 per cent of the 104-member house — on March 11 after completing their six-year tenure. However, this time there will be no polling for the four seats of the erstwhile Federally Administered Tribal Areas (Fata) after its merger with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
Therefore, polling will be held to elect 48 senators — 12 each from KP and Balochistan, 11 each from Punjab and Sindh and two from Islamabad. The 11 senators from Punjab already elected unopposed from Punjab. PML-N won 05 seats while PTI won 6 seats. So polling on 37 seats will be held on March 03. Polling will be held to elect seven members on general seats, two women and two technocrats in the four provinces. Besides this, the election on one minority seat each in KP and Balochistan will also be conducted.
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