Widespread investigation on plants and their essential oils have grabbed the attention of many scientists and motivated them to screen plants. In this way they can study their chemical constituents and pharmacological effects that may lead to provide new alternative treatments and drugs for industrialized purposes1.
Lavender is a widespread and well-liked aromatic herb growing almost all over the world. It is distinct for its fresh dried plant2. The most important element isolated from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) is its essential oil. The qualitative and quantitative component of the lavender essential oil depends on genotype, growing place, climatic environments, propagation and morphological features3.
Lavender not only possesses antibacterial, antifungal, anti-mutagenic and neuro-protective activities as well as it is used for flavor enhancing, cosmetics and perfumery productions because of its brilliant aroma4.
Dermatophyte fungi are shallow mycotic infection causing organism also called as keratinophilic pathogenic fungi5. They affect skin, nails and hair, are very prevalent and susceptible throughout the world6.
Scientists from Saudi Arabia have conducted a research in order to inspect the chemical composition and anti-dermatophytic properties of essential oils (EO) isolated from lavender. Moreover the effect of radiation on the constituent of essential oil and its activity was also evaluated. After that they compared the antidermatophytic effect from different extracts of lavender7.
They extracted the essential oil from Lavender that was being harvested in Albaha region. Steam distillation method was used for oil extractions. Gas and Mass spectrometry analysis were applied. The antidermatophytic activity of isolated compounds of plant was determined against five dermatophytes and yeast by well-cut diffusion method.
The results illustrated the antidermatophytic activity of irradiated essential oil was stronger against selected dermatophytes. Leaves and flowers extracts have a strong inhibitory effect on 2 out of 5 species. Lavender extracts were recorded strong inhibitory effects on tested pathogenic fungi and yeast.
Written by: Rabeeia
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17 November, 2019