The 150th death anniversary of the last great poet of the Mughal era poet Mirza Ghalib is being observed today (Feb 15). Mirza Ghalib was a famous Urdu and Persian poet of the Indian subcontinent in the 19th century. His original name was Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan. His original pen-name was Asad but he changed it to Ghalib, which means ‘conqueror’.
Ghalib was born on December 27, 1796 in the city of Akbarabad which is presently known as Agra. In 1850, Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II bestowed upon Mirza Ghalib the title of “Dabir-ul-Mulk”. The Emperor also added to it the additional title of “Najm-ud-daula”. He also received the title of ‘Mirza Nosha’ from the Emperor. He was also an important courtier of the royal court of the Emperor.
Ghalib started composing poetry at the age of 11. His first language was Urdu, but Persian and Turkish were also spoken at home. He received an education in Persian and Arabic at a young age. He wrote several ghazals during his life which have since been interpreted and sung in many different ways by different people. Ghalib remains popular even now not only in India and Pakistan but all around the world. He died in Delhi on February 15, 1869.
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17 November, 2019