Diabetes Mellitus is one of the fastest growing diseases around the world. It needs long lasting and constant care. Many risk decreasing approaches are also needed in addition to glycemic regulation. It is generally characterized as insulin inadequacy creating high levels of glucose in circulating blood1.
The onset of Diabetes has been increased at an alarming speed. Both type 1 and type 2 are equally distributed throughout the world. It has been predicted by WHO Diabetes could be the 7th common reason for death by year 20302. Furthermore, it is anticipated that there will be around 67% rises in the incidence of diabetes in developing nations from 2010-20303.
Estimating the etiology of diabetes is important. Every country has done theirs with time to time. Currently China is facing the world’s largest diabetes epidemic and it is continuously growing at alarming pace4. Previous studies have demonstrated that China has surpassed USA in case of diabetes prevalence. The Chinese diabetes population reached at around 114 million people-about a third of all people with diabetes across the globe5.
Researchers from China conducted a study in order to investigate the hospital incidence admissions among the diabetic people in China and the related aspects. Therefore, it is imperative for general health that those patients with greater hospital admission rates are characterized, to aim preventive activities more effectually.
A cross sectional study was performed at Jingzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the People’s Republic of China. All patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. A uniform data collection sheet was generated6.
Demographic information; containing age of the patient, sex, previous smoking history of patients was noted. Data about the hospital stay tenure, the cause for hospital admission and fasting blood glucose or random blood glucose was also noted.
Furthermore, the history of bronchial asthma, cerebral-vascular disease, hyper-lipidemia and coronary heart disease of patients were also collected. Patients were alienated into 3 subgroups, (1) Patients with a previous clinical history of diabetes mellitus, (2) Patients ignorant about diabetes mellitus or new hyperglycemia and (3) Patients with no diabetes.
The purpose for dividing patients in to 3 subgroups was to assess the variation in terms of etiology and diabetic mellitus regulation. Almost fifty percent patients who were admitted in hospital had previous history of diabetes. The number of female was much larger than males. And the most common reason for hospital administration was previous histories of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, hyperlipidemia and bronchial asthma.
Written by: Rabeeia
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17 November, 2019