India is the lowest ranked country in South Asia in Global hunger report 2019. India is the 5th largest economy in the world but also have the largest poor population in the world. Despite its fast paced economic development and high GDP growth rate- India still failed to improve the millions of poor people. India has produced many billionaires in last two decades.
The poverty in India has risen far more quickly under Modi government. India has slipped to 102nd position in the Global Hunger Index 2019 of 117 countries, slipping from its 2018 position of 95 and behind its neighbours Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
India’s economic rise has failed to bring out the poverty-stricken population out of poverty. The unemployment is also on the rise under Modi government. The Modi government has also failed to stop the slowdown of economy. The Indian economy grows nearly 8% annually for one decade. But now the growth rate has dropped to near 4%.
According to the report – prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe has termed the level of hunger in India “serious”. In 2000, India was ranked 83 out of 113 countries. Now, with 117 countries in the fray, it has dropped to 102nd rank. It’s GHI score has also decelerated — from 38.9 in 2005 to 32 in 2010 and then from 32 to 30.3 between 2010 and 2019.
The GHI score is calculated on four indicators — undernourishment; child wasting, the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (that is, who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute under nutrition); child stunting, children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic under nutrition; and child mortality, the mortality rate of children under the age of five.
According to the Global Hunger report 2019- The share of wasting among children in India rose from 16.5 per cent in the 2008-2012 periods to 20.8 per cent in 2014-2018. Just 9.6 per cent of all children between 6 and 23 months of age are fed a “minimum acceptable diet”, it said. “India’s child wasting rate is extremely high at 20.8 per cent, the highest for any country in this report.”
Even Countries like Yemen and Djibouti, which are conflict ridden-war torn and facing severe climate issues respectively, fared better than India on that front. Neighbouring countries like Nepal (73), Sri Lanka (66), Bangladesh (88), Myanmar (69) and Pakistan (94) in South Asia are performing better than India. They are feeding their citizens better than India. The report has put all the South Asian countries except Sri Lanka in serious category.
China (25) has moved to a ‘low’ severity category and Sri Lanka is in the ‘moderate’ severity category. However, India has shown improvement in other indicators such as the under-5 mortality rate, prevalence of stunting among children and prevalence of undernourishment owing to inadequate food.
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