International Day of Forest is being observed on Thursday, to raise awareness regarding importance of forests for the benefit of current and future generations. The day encourages efforts to organize local, national and international activities involving forests and trees, such as tree planting campaigns. The International Day of Forests was established on the 21st of March, by resolution of the United Nations General Assembly in 2012.
Trees are very important as they absorb carbon dioxide as they grow and the carbon that they store in their wood helps slow the rate of global warming. They reduce wind speeds and cool the air as they lose moisture and reflect heat upwards from their leaves. It’s estimated that trees can reduce the temperature in a city by up to 7°C. Trees also help prevent flooding and soil erosion, absorbing thousands of litres of stormwater.
Deforestation occurs when forest land is cleared, usually to harvest the timber or clear space for agricultural operations. More than 25 percent of the land on Earth is covered by forests, but millions of hectares of this ecosystem are destroyed every year, according to the University of Michigan.
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17 November, 2019