Nepal is a southeast Asian country situated in between two mighty nations Indian the east, west and south whereas China in the north. By area it is 147,181 sq. km.The entire distance from east to west is approximately 800km meanwhile it is just 150 to 250km from north to south.(Board, 2018).
Capitalized in the city Kathmandu and Pokhara in the western area are the largest and main attraction cities for local and international tourist.Geographically, Nepal is divided into three main regions, on the top its Himalayans or known as Mountain region, in the mid, it is called Hilly region likewise in the bottom it is known as the Terai region.
The highest point tin the country is the Mount Everest, which is 8,848m and named as Sagarmatha in local language, whereas in the Terai region, Kechana Kalan is the lowest point which is just 60m. (Board, 2018).
Being a nature gifted country, Nepal has enormous natural resources in terms of rivers, lakes, mountains, forest and beyond, however, lacks the benefits of sea, as Nepal is a landlocked country. Out of fourteen highest peaks in the world, eight lies in Nepal. Apart from mountains, Nepal is also known as second largest country in water resources after Brazil.With over 6,000 rivers, rivers like Mahankali, Narayani, Koshi and Karnali are directly originating in the Himalayas.
Wildlife reserve is another sector that include the preservation and management of several rare and endangered animals and birds. Currently there are 4 wildlife reserves and 10 National parks in Nepal, out of which “Chitwan National Park” is one of the ancient wildlife reserves which is famous for “One-horned rhinoceros” and Elephants.
Nepalese And Their Culture
Culture and tradition play vital role in every nation to define the inner depth of the country and their people. Nepal, despite being a small country with just the population of 30 million, has enormous ethnics groups and caste, and each group has its unique cultures and traditions. Sometimes even in the same group and caste, they differ their tradition and culture.
Majority in Hinduism with more than 81.5% followers, Nepal is known for the secular state where Buddhism with 9%Islam with 6.5% and Christianity with 2%. It is believe that, there are more temples rather than houses and buildings. Pashupatinath temple and Lumbini are famous pilgrimage listed over World Heritage site UNESCO.
Similarly, though the Nepali language is the official and common language in Nepal, there are 123 other official languages spoken as a mother tongue. There are numerous ethnic groups who speaks and follow their own language and traditions with equally unique culture. For instance, Newar community speaks Newari language, majority Newar people are from the Kathmandu and Bhaktapur valley as they are considered as the historical inhabitants. Likewise, there are caste like Brahmin, Chettri, Tamang, Limbu and beyond.
Despite of following own practices and traditions, there are festivals like Dashain and Tihar which is celebrated by every Nepalese located everywhere, be it inside the country or in abroad. These are the festivals generally falls on mid-October till November.
Dashain is celebrated for 10 days, worshiping different nine goddesses,where all the relatives are got together and elder put Tika and Jamara to the younger along with blessings and money.
Dashain is a festival of Nepal which is celebrated for 10 days.
Meanwhile, Tihar which is also known as Diwali is the festival of Lights and celebrated for 5 days where they worship crow in the first day, followed by dog and cow and finally sisters worship their brothers for their long and healthy life. Apart from this, Holi, Bisket Jatra, Teej, Maghe Sankrati are other major festivals followed by lots of small and big functions are celebrated in Nepal.
Tihar which is also known as Diwali is the festival of Lights and celebrated for 5 days
National Symbols of Nepal
Nepal possesses several national symbols that basically gives an exceptional recognition of Himalayan. Starting with the national bird Lophophorus is also known as Danfe in local language. It has almost nine different colours it its body also considered as the most beautiful bird in the entire world.
National bird of Nepal is ‘Lophophorus’ also known as Danfe in local language.
Similarly, national animal of Nepal is cow. People of Nepal also worship them in the form of goddess Laxmi. Basically, in Hindu culture, it is a belief that worshipping cow will lead you to the prosperity and wealthy life, that is why scarifying a cow is illegal in Nepal.
National animal of Nepal is cow
Nepal also considered their national weapon for ‘Khukuri’. It is basically used by Nepalese Gurkhas for any sort of war.
Likewise, in terms of food, people usually eat rice, lentils, vegetables and pickles twice a day and a simple snack in the afternoon. So, ‘Dal Bhat’ is the national food out there. The national colour is ‘Simrik’, which is in colour of‘blood red’ and resemble bravery. Similarly, national dress for men is ‘Daura Suruwal and Topi’ and for women it is ‘Sari’. Whereas, ‘Rhododendron’ is a national flower also known as ‘Laligurans’ in local language which is generally red in colour and has long green leaves.
National dress for men is ‘Daura Suruwal, Topi’and for women it is ‘Sari’
In context of economy, nation is still depending on agriculture sector and remittance, however tourism is the leading sector for foreign investment. There is a structural lack of commercial dynamism in landlocked and inaccessible Nepal that holds back long-term development. Even though the government initialed a trade and investment deal with India to rise Nepal’s hydro power possibility, foreign investment has been obstructed by political uncertainty, and a difficult business climate.
Nepal has faced continuous political instability, and it remains one of the least developed countries. Likewise, in contest of tax, the top income and corporate tax rates are 25 percent. (organization, 2019) Other tax include property tax and value-added tax. Statistically, agriculture remains Nepal’s major economic activity that employ about 65% of the population and provides 31.7% of GDP. Besides, 9.1% of GDP is heavily depends on remittance of foreign workers. Adding to that, Nepal’s carpet industry has grown rapidly in recent years where there is approximately 70% of merchandise exports.
Written By: Suraksha Pandey
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27 September, 2019