It is to be reported that the poor water management is leading Pakistan to face the cost of around $12 billion on the annual basis. The water security condition has been already on the risk as where Pakistan is facing big challenge as because of the reduction in inflows in eastern tributaries due to increased water use in India. ‘Pakistan: Getting More from Water’ report stated that the lender that has been formally launched highlights the challenges that are being uprising from the mismanagement course of the water resources. This report is also leading to offer with some solutions that is including with water pricing and phasing out subsidies to avoid upon the use of water in four crops.
The report is stating the fact the upcoming storage of the larger reservoirs will be helping a lot to improve some portions of water security. There is around quarter percentage of popularity who is on the high risk of facing arsenic contamination of drinking water. Floods and the condition of droughts also have significant social impacts and this is again affecting women and children the most of all.
The economic cost to Pakistan from poor water and sanitation, floods, and dry seasons are evaluated to be 4% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) or around $12 billion every year. The report also makes reference to that there has additionally been a little however imperative decrease in inflow from the eastern tributaries of the Indus as a result of improvement in India, which is allowed under the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT).
The report says just 16 counters have more water than Pakistan but since it is the world’s 6th most crowded nation, water accessibility per individual is similarly low. There are 32 states with less water per individual than Pakistan. Over these nations the normal per capita GDP is multiple times that of Pakistan. The report says Pakistan does not make the best utilization of its water blessing and water utilize is much ruled by farming. The four major harvests, wheat, rice, sugarcane, and cotton that are expected to be about 80% of all water utilize produce under 5% of the GDP.
Water security in Pakistan is completely damaged as because of poor water resource management and also because of poor water service delivery. This will be including irrigation along with drainage service and some kind of domestic water supply and sanitation services. For the urban households the water supply on domestic level has been much high. But this coverage has been declining all because of the rapid increase in urbanization. As the coverage is high, the quality of supply services is much poor as most especially in terms of water quality and reliability.
In order to deal with this condition of water management, large scale of infrastructure gaps should be addressed as soon as possible. This requires specific and much significant financial resources. Government needs to take some strict actions before it gets too late!
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20 May, 2019