Nation is celebrating Pakistan day with national fervor today (March 23). Pakistan Day or Pakistan Resolution Day, also Republic Day, is a national holiday in Pakistan commemorating the Lahore Resolution passed on 23 March 1940 and the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan during the transition of the Dominion of Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 23 March 1956 making Pakistan the world’s first Islamic republic.
Here’s the list of some renowned pioneers of Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Father Of Nation
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer, politician and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan’s independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan’s first Governor-General until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam (“Great Leader”) and Baba-i-Qaum, “Father of the Nation”). His birthday is considered a national holiday in Pakistan.
Man behind the idea of Pakistan
Sir Muhammad Iqbal widely known as Allama Iqbal, was a poet, philosopher and politician, as well as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is called the “Spiritual Father of Pakistan. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both Urdu and Persian. He was the first man who gave idea of Pakistan.
Aga Khan III
First president of the All-India Muslim League
Sir Sultan Muhammed Shah, Aga Khan III was the 48th Imam of the Nizari Ismaili religion. He was one of the founders and the first president of the All-India Muslim League (AIML). His goal was the advancement of Muslim agendas and protection of Muslim rights in India. The League, until the late 1930s, was not a large organisation but represented the landed and commercial Muslim interests of the British-ruled ‘United Provinces’ (as of today Uttar Pradesh).
Liaquat Ali Khan
Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation) and Shaheed-e-Millat
Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan widely known as Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation) and Shaheed-e-Millat was one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan, statesman, lawyer, and political theorist who became and served as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan; in addition, he also held cabinet portfolio as the first foreign, defence, and the frontier regions minister from 1947 until his assassination in 1951. Prior to his assassination, Khan briefly tenured as the first finance minister in the interim government led by its Governor General Mountbatten.
Sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and one of the leading founders of Pakistan
Fatima Jinnah was a Pakistani dental surgeon, biographer, stateswoman, and one of the leading founders of Pakistan. After obtaining a dental degree from University of Calcutta in 1923, she became a close associate and an adviser to her older brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah who later became the first Governor General of Pakistan. A strong critic of the British Raj, she emerged as a strong advocate of the two nation theory and a leading member of the All-India Muslim League.
Muhammad Zafarullah Khan
First Foreign Minister of Pakistan.
Sir Chaudhry Muhammad Zafarullah Khan was a Pakistani jurist and diplomat who served as the first Foreign Minister of Pakistan. After serving as foreign minister he continued his international career and was the first Asian, Muslim, and the only Pakistani to preside over the International Court of Justice. He also served as the President of the UN General Assembly. He is the only person till date to serve as the President of both UN General Assembly and the International Court of Justice.
A K. Fazlul Huq
Bengali lawyer, legislator and statesman in the 20th century
Abul Kasem Fazlul Huq was a Bengali lawyer, legislator and statesman in the 20th century. Huq was a major political figure in British India and later in Pakistan (including East Pakistan, which is now Bangladesh). He was one of the most reputed lawyers in the High Court of Dacca and High Court of Calcutta . Born in Bakerganj, he was an alumnus of the University of Calcutta. He worked in the regional civil service and began his political career in Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1906.
First Bengali leader of Pakistan
Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin was a Bengali politician, conservative figure, and one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan. He is noted as being the first Bengali leader of Pakistan who led the country as Prime Minister (1951–53), as well as the second Governor-General (1948–51).
Choudhry Rahmat Ali
e is credited with creating the name “Pakistan”
Choudhry Rahmat Ali was a Pakistani nationalist who was one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan. He is credited with creating the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia and is generally known as the originator of the Pakistan Movement.
Abdur Rab Nishtar
Pakistan movement activist
Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar was a Muslim League stalwart, a Pakistan movement activist and later on a Pakistani politician.
Mohammad Ali Jauhar
He was among the leading figures of the Khilafat Movement
Muhammad Ali Jauhar also known as Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar was an Indian Muslim leader, activist, scholar, journalist and a poet, and was among the leading figures of the Khilafat Movement. Mohammad Ali Jauhar was a product of the Aligarh Movement. He was elected to become the President of Indian National Congress party in 1923 and it lasted only for a few months. He was also one of the founders and presidents of the All-India Muslim League.
Zafar Ali Khan
writer, poet, translator and a journalist
Zafar Ali Khan also known as Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, was a writer, poet, translator and a journalist who played an important role in the Pakistan Movement against the British Raj. Apart from Islamic religious sciences, he was well-versed in the latest theories of economics, sociology and politics, and for his erudition as well as methods, is generally considered to be “the father of Urdu journalism.”
Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman was a Pakistani politician and a very important Muslim figure during British India. He was one of the top leaders of the All India Muslim League.
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23 June, 2019