The 142nd birthday of father of the nation, and Pakistan’s first Governor General, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is being celebrated today (Dec 25) across the country with traditional zeal and fervour. The birthday is a public holiday and the national flag has been hoisted on principal government buildings throughout the country. The day started with special prayers for the security, progress and prosperity of the country.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25 December 1876 in Karachi, which was still part of British-controlled India at that time. After studying in Bombay and London, Jinnah became a lawyer in Bombay. In 1913, he joined the Muslim League, which had been formed to stand up for the rights of Indian Muslims and he became its president in 1916. Jinnah believed that Muslim-Hindu unity in India was possible, but over the years the relationship between the Hindu and Muslim communities had deteriorated to such a point that he reluctantly accepted that the best way to protect the rights of Indian -uslims was through partition.
By 1940, Jinnah had come to believe that Muslims of the Indian subcontinent should have their own state. In that year, the Muslim League, led by Jinnah, passed the Lahore Resolution, demanding a separate nation. All his efforts and sacrifices of the Muslims resulted in the partition of India and the creation of the state of Pakistan on 14 August 1947.
On September 11, 1948, just a little over a year after he became governor-general, Jinnah died of tuberculosis near Karachi, Pakistan—the place where he was born. Today, Jinnah is credited with having altered the destiny of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent. According to Richard Symons, Muhammad Ali Jinnah “contributed more than any other man to Pakistan’s survival.” Jinnah’s dream for Pakistan was based on the principles of social justice, brotherhood and equality, which he aimed to achieve under his motto of “Faith, Unity, and Discipline.”
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17 November, 2019