The 222nd birth anniversary of classical Persian and Urdu poet Mirza Asad Ullah Ghalib is being observed today (Dec 27). Mirza Ghalib, the last great poet of the Mughal era, is considered to be one of the most popular and influential poets of the Urdu language.
Ghalib was born on December 27, 1796 in the city of Akbarabad which is presently known as Agra. His full name was Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan and Ghalib was his pen name. Ghalib started composing poetry at the age of 11. His first language was Urdu, but Persian and Turkish were also spoken at home. He received an education in Persian and Arabic at a young age.
He wrote several ghazals during his life which have since been interpreted and sung in many different ways by different people. Ghalib remains popular even now not only in India and Pakistan but all around the world.
He died in Delhi on February 15, 1869. The house where he lived in Gali Qasim Jaan, Ballimaran, Chandni Chowk, in Old Delhi, known as the Ghalib ki Haveli, has now been turned into ‘Ghalib Memorial’ and houses a permanent Ghalib exhibition.
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