141st birthday of Shair-e-Mashriq, Allama Muhammad Iqbal is being celebrated across the country today (Nov. 9) with national zeal and fervor, and a change of guards ceremony was held at Allama Iqbal’s Mausoleum in Lahore. November 9 is known as Iqbal Day in the history of Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal is our national poet and also regarded as Muffakir-e-Pakistan’ and ‘Hakeem-ul-Ummat’. He was the first man in Sub continent, who gave the idea of separate homeland, which is now, known as Pakistan.
Sir Muhammad Iqbal, was a famous poet, philosopher, lawyer and politician from British India. He is believed to be the inspiration behind the historical ‘Pakistan Movement’, in which he was one of the few leaders who first presented the idea of Pakistan as a different nation for the Muslims.
Iqbal was known for his legal expertise and political ideologies, but his contributions to urdu literature are unforgettable. He still remembered with books like, ‘Rumuz-i-Bekhudi’, ‘Zabur-i-Ajam’, ‘Payam-i-Mashriq (1923)’, ‘The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930)’, ‘Javid Nama (1932)’, ‘Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq (1936)’, ‘Bal-i-Jibril (1935)’ and ‘Zarb-i-Kalim (1936)’etc.
He was born in Sialkot, in the Punjab Province of British India to Sheikh Noor Muhammad and Imam Bibi. At the age of 4 Iqbal was sent to mosque to learn Qur’an. He learnt Arabic language at Scotch Mission College in Sialkot and pursued his intermediate from the Faculty of Arts, Murray College. In 1895, Iqbal enrolled in Government College Lahore for his bachelors’, to study philosophy, English literature and Arabic. He also received his Masters of Arts degree from the same college and secured number one position in Punjab University, Lahore. Iqbal was a very learned and intelligent man who did a considerable part of his studies in India and some in England and Germany, where he was introduced to the philosophies of Goethe, Heine and Nietzsche.
While studying abroad, he became a member of the London branch of the All India Muslim League. Iqbal practiced law in India for sometime after returning and later entered politics and was known for his legal expertise, political ideologies and groundwork and philosophical theories. In 1919, he became the general secretary of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam, an Islamic intellectual and political organization based in Lahore, Pakistan, which he was an active member of many years before gaining this position. For his talents and extraordinary personality, he was knighted by King George V in 1922.
In 1927, Iqbal was elected to the Punjab Legislative assembly and was later elected to preside over the session of the Muslim League. It was in these positions that he for the first time introduced the idea of ‘Pakistan’.
Due to his failing health, Iqbal stopped practicing law altogether in 1934 and was honored with a pension by the Nawab of Bhopal. He dedicated his life to his own spiritual upliftment and contributing to the Persian and Urdu literature. He died in 1938 in Lahore after suffering for many years from various illnesses.
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17 November, 2019