Veterinary science is a vast and important field which deals with the prevention and treatment of different diseases present in animals. Accordingly, Babesiosis is a dangerous blood parasitic disease found in dogs and cats. The causal agent of this disease is protozoa from that belong to Babesia genus. Severe babesiosis leads towards mortality but these cases are rarely observed.
Babesiosis occurs inside red blood cells and is also known as piroplasmosis (pear-like form)1. It is transmitted through the vector; “ticks” and the parasite are present in its salivary glands. It is difficult to diagnose because mild babesiosis does not show any major symptoms. However, Cardoso and team2 reported the sign and symptoms of babesiosis; which include weakness, muscle tremor, malnutrition, pallor, fever as well as tea-coloured urine.
Furthermore, research team led by Liebenberg3 investigated the technique of Babesia of causing damage in red blood cells, which leads to haemolytic anaemia. It also causes thrombocytopenia, monocytosis as well as lymphocytosis, but the obvious mechanism is still unknown. Up till now, literature is unavailable regarding mortality rate of babesiosis in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
In this regard, Priyowidodo Dwi4 and colleagues conducted a research to diagnosis canine babesiosis by means of conventional as well as molecular method as this article reported a death case of a one-month-old female dog having severe babesiosis in Yogyakarta. This puppy was admitted to Veterinary Hospital with symptoms including weakness, poor skin turgor, unable to drink and pallor in the conjunctiva as well as oral mucous membrane, having weight 400 g. Its physical analysis showed the presence of ticks all over the skin as she had never given antibiotics or ectoparasitic agents. Therefore, scientists carried out laboratory analysis such as complete blood count, peripheral blood smear and molecular examination as well. Moreover, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was also conducted via primer 18S rDNA.
At the end of the experiment, scientists found parasite Babesia sp., inside the red blood cells of puppy after blood smear, microscopic assessment. Moreover, complete blood count test also exhibited normocytic hypochromic anemia, thrombocytopenia as well as lymphocytosis. Conclusively, these outcomes can assist and aware veterinarian and dog owners regarding clinical symptoms and signs, treatment as well as prevention of babesiosis.
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17 November, 2019