America is a dream country for many in the world. U.S is a dreamland for many people. America is only the richest country richest and most powerful country but also have the best universities and education institutions. Many students want to study in the prestigious education institutions in U.S. It was most generous country for foreign students before the 9/11. But 9/11 changed the attitude and policies of the American administration. It becomes harder for foreign students to get U.S visa.
The election victory of president Trump made it even harder for students to enter U.S.A and then settle in the country. America has become hostile place for immigrants under Trump.
According to the survey conducted by Institute of International Education, the number of international students coming to United States is on the decline. This survey was sponsored by State Department. The main reason of this decline is the imposition of strict visa and immigration policies by Trump administration in last two years. The universities and colleges in U.S are getting fewer international students around the world. This decline is the direct result of the efforts made by president Trump to discourage foreign students to enter U.S.
New enrollments for the 2017-18 school year slumped 6.6 per cent compared with the previous year that follows a 3.3 percent decline in new international students tallied in the 2016-17 academic year.
The immigration experts are mainly blaming Trump policies and strict measures for students to get U.S visas. But there are several other factors that also contributing in this decline. A strong dollar has made US college tuition relatively more expensive, Canadian and European universities are competing fiercely for the same students and headlines about mass shootings also may have deterred some students, said IIE survey.
The decreased numbers of foreign students means loss of revenues for U.S colleges and universities. International students have become an important funding source for American colleges as traditional revenue sources, such as state funding, come under pressure. Trump administration has introduced cuts on education budget. Most undergraduate foreign students do not qualify for need-based financial aid and must pay close to full tuition and fees to attend US schools.
Similar to previous years, the largest numbers of students came from China, India and South Korea, which together made up 56.1 per cent of all international students.
Some immigration policy experts and college administrators attribute the decline to the Trump administration’s drive to restrict immigration and an overall sense of a U.S. political climate that is hostile to immigrants and foreigners.Trump has moved to restrict the issuance of skilled-worker visas and permanent residency, which many incoming students may apply for in the future.
The administration is pursuing concrete steps to restrict visa policy regarding international students. Last month, it said it would seek to establish a fixed maximum period of stay for international students. Students currently can stay for an indefinite duration of study, and exchange advocates worry such a change would make it harder to recruit students and limit their flexibility once they are in the country.
The total number of new international students in the United States in 2017-2018 grew by 1.5 per cent to a record high of nearly 1.1 million, but it was the smallest year-over-year increase since 2005. The growth in total enrollment was driven by a nearly 16 per cent increase in the number of students opting to remain in the United States after finishing studies.
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20 July, 2019