The American voters are going to decide who will lead America for next four years on November 03. The choice is between president Trump and former vice president Joe Biden. The record number of Americans already cast their votes in early voting. More than 70 million voters have already cast their votes.
The people outside the America watch the elections keenly and their main focus always been on the issues like immigration and foreign policy. These two issues precisely affect the other countries the most.
The American people mostly decide to vote on domestic issues. The foreign policy and wars are not the top issues in this campaign as they were in 2004 and 2008 elections.
But for American voters, the issues like COVID-19 pandemic, health care, jobs, economic crisis, abortion, climate change, immigration, racial discrimination, policing and injustice, gun policy and criminal justice are the most important issues.
Here are the top three issues for American voters
COVID-19 pandemic and health care:
The top concern or issue for the American voters at the moment is the surge and spread of COVID-19 pandemic. America is the most affected country from COVID-19 pandemic. More than 9.1 million people have been infected with more than 2, 22,000 deaths in America so far. In many states, increased infections have overwhelmed the hospitals.
The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the weaknesses and vulnerability of American health care system. Health Care has become important issue in this election campaign. The liberal and democratic leaning voters, coronavirus surge are the main concern. The US has had a difficult year when it comes to the COVID-19 pandemic but the virus is a central issue, mostly for Democratic voters. As many as 82% think the pandemic is a key issue compared with 24% of Trump voters.
Democratic candidate Joe Biden has made Trump’s handling of the pandemic the central point of his campaign argument, criticising the president for hosting large rallies without people wearing masks and for downplaying the seriousness of the virus.
Indeed early missteps in the handling of the pandemic led to heavy criticism of Trump’s administration. The US president previously refused to wear a face mask, which led to their politicisation.
Many of the problems in getting control of the pandemic in the US also stemmed from a lack of testing and faulty tests that were sent across the country by the centres for disease control and prevention in February.
Health care is important issue for many people, which became clear in the confirmation hearing for Coney Barrett for the Supreme Court. The US’s highest court will hear a case shortly after the election on whether the Affordable Care Act (ACA, also known as “Obama care”) should be repealed – something that Trump has been trying to do his entire time in office. Coney Barrett, who has spoken critically about the ACA in the past, wouldn’t say whether she was in favor of the repeal.
Whether people are happy with the health insurance they have – or don’t have – under the ACA and whether they want to keep “Obamacare” is likely to play a big role on Election Day.
The coronavirus crisis, too, has made health care a crucial issue to consider for voters. Americans are midst of a pandemic, where people’s lack of health care coverage is leading to difficulties in getting care, but also to massive medical expenditures and bills once they recover from COVID, let alone all the long-term effects of COVID-19.
Economy and job losses:
The economy is one of the top issues for American voters, who have seen unemployment skyrocket amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The Pew Research Centre found in August that the economy was the top issue for 76% of respondents.
It was more important for Republican voters, however than Democratic voters. Economy is the main issue for Republican voters. The right wing voters are not in favour of a lockdown and shutting down the economy.
The jobs, unemployment and falling incomes are the main issues for working people. President Trump is trying to play with the concerns of many working class voters about the economy and jobs. The working class voters are worried about their jobs, incomes and falling living standards .
President Donald Trump has said that Democrats would lock down the country and harm the economy. “Joe Biden would terminate our recovery, delay the vaccine and annihilate Nevada’s economy with a draconian unscientific lockdown,” Trump claimed at a rally recently.
The US is dealing with the same economic fallout as many other parts of the world, with GDP falling 32% in the second quarter of 2020, according to the Commerce Department. US unemployment also hit record lows this past year, hitting 7.9% in September after reaching an all-time high of 14.7% in April.
Many Republicans have praised Trump’s tax reform plan, which was viewed as a large overhaul of the tax system that resulted in tax cuts for many Americans. Taxes were down about 25%, according to H&R Block, a company that assists with tax preparation.
Trump has claimed that he created the best economy but many say the trends mainly continued from the economy he inherited from predecessor Barack Obama.
“Americans are well known historically for focusing on the economy. In 1992, Bill Clinton’s slogan in the campaign was ‘it’s the economy, stupid’ and basically that’s been the case in most presidential elections,” said David Redlawsk, a professor and political psychologist at the University of Delaware.
Racial discrimination, injustice and police brutality:
Hundreds of thousands of protestors poured on to the streets to show support for people of colour in the United States after the death of black American George Floyd at the hands of police.
The video of Floyd saying he could not breathe as a police officer held him down went viral and sparked a conversation about police killings and racism in the country. Since then other incidents of police shooting and killing young black people have made it a national issue. The issue of racial discrimination, poverty, high unemployment, police brutality and injustice are the top issues for black Americans.
Overwhelming majority of black Americans are voting for Biden on the hope that he will address these issues.
Many have criticised President Donald Trump’s reaction to the protests, as he called protesters “looters” repeatedly and refused to denounce white supremacist groups.
“Trump not only has an inability to heal a country reeling from racial unrest, he has been an antagonist. This was illustrated by his response to the protests after George Floyd’s killing, using the military inappropriately, stoking police violence, and downplaying the rise of white nationalism in the country,” said Andre Perry, a fellow in the Metropolitan Policy Program at the Brookings Institution.
The get out the vote efforts have increased significantly as a result. People don’t want another four years of this kind of turmoil and strife.”
The protests also led to a national conversation on policing, with Trump running a campaign to be a “law and order” candidate.
Many conservatives have been concerned about left-wing calls to defund police forces in favour of social and community services. Trump has claimed that Democratic candidate Joe Biden cannot use the words “law enforcement” when speaking.
At the Republican National Convention, a couple from St Louis, Missouri who threatened protesters with guns outside their home, said: “Your family will not be safe in the radical Democrats’ America.”
Republicans are also concerned about Democratic proposals to change the criminal justice system, including ending cash bail that often impacts low-income Americans. Joe Biden wants to reduce the number of incarcerated individuals in the country, specifically those incarcerated for drug use alone.
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