World Thalassemia Day is being observed on May 8 to raise awareness about this disease among common public. This Day is celebrated every year all through the world. Celebrating World Thalassemia Day on 8th of May was established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in order to raise the public awareness about this disease, prevention measures and measures to avoid its transmission.
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by less hemoglobin and fewer red blood cells in your body than normal. Hemoglobin is the substance in red blood cells that allows them to carry oxygen. The low hemoglobin and fewer red blood cells of thalassemia may cause anemia, leaving you fatigued.
The symptoms of thalassemia vary depending on the type of thalassemia. Symptoms will not show until the age of 6 months in most infants with beta thalassemia and some types of alpha thalassemia. This is because neonates have a different type of hemoglobin, called fetal hemoglobin.
Thalassemia signs and symptoms may include:
Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children.
Thalassemia disrupts the normal production of hemoglobin and healthy red blood cells. This causes anemia. With anemia, your blood doesn’t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to your tissues — leaving you fatigued.
In most cases, you can’t prevent thalassemia. If you have thalassemia, or if you carry a thalassemia gene, consider talking with a genetic counselor for guidance if you’re thinking of having children.
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